Canopy vs. Pergola vs. Gazebo
Take the time to relax in your backyard, whether you're dining alfresco, catching a few rays by the pool or enjoying an evening under the stars. With a backyard shade, you can add a protective covering from the hot sun, a climbing wall for plants and even an enclosed space to keep pests away. Whether they come pre-fabricated and ready to assemble or as a complete do-it-yourself kit, canopies, pergolas and gazebos all offer a variety of features for your backyard. Use the following information to help guide your decision when choosing to purchase one of these classic backyard structures.
|More space||Varies||Less space|
|Less expensive||Moderate||More expensive|
Advantages of canopies
- Sun protection - Most canopies come with soft fabric roofs that can keep you out of direct sunlight.
- Cost - The least expensive style of outdoor shade, canopies offer shaded areas for a significantly lower cost than more intricately designed gazebos or pergolas.
- Sports-themed - Sports fans will love that many of their favorite teams can be represented on canopies for tailgates, sports-themed backyards and game-watching parties.
- Portability - Because they are lighter than other outdoor shades, you can easily move a canopy around your yard, and even take it with you when you're on the go.
- Usable space - Canopies are more open than other outdoor shades, so many models will allow you to seamlessly set up underneath and beside the space.
Limitations of canopies
- Style - While some canopies offer a stylish elegance, most are simple frames with light coverings.
- Weather-resistance - Most canopies are not sturdy enough to withstand strong weather conditions, so you'll need to take them down or stabilize them before a big storm.
Advantages of pergolas
- Allows for climbing plants - Because of the open structure and slatted roof of a pergola, plants can climb up and around, wrapping themselves through the open spaces. As plants grow and spread out, they'll also provide shade.
- Extension of the home - With a covered pergola, you can create an outdoor room that is an extension of your home. If you don't have a covered patio or extended roof, this can be a reliable option.
- Usable space - Pergolas offer the most usable space, as they are the widest open outdoor shade. Some models are smaller, but the majority are quite large.
Limitations of pergolas
- Cost - Pergolas can be significantly more expensive than canopies, while offering less shade.
- Sun protection - Most pergolas do not have covered roofs. While you can purchase a canopy cover for your pergola, the structure alone does not offer protection from the sun's rays without a cover.
- Portability - A pergola cannot be moved once it is in place. Whether it's attached to your home or another structure on your property, or you have a standalone model, the wooden structure is often heavy and built to last.
Advantages of gazebos
- Sun protection - Most gazebos have a hard roof, and some gazebos make use of a fabric roof; both roof types will keep the sun from shining directly on you.
- Elegant style - Gazebos are the most intricate of the outdoor shade structures.
- Durability - Many gazebos are built with durable material that can help them withstand tough weather conditions including rain, snow and heavy wind.
Limitations of gazebos
- Cost - A gazebo can be the most expensive of outdoor shelters, depending on the style. Complete wooden gazebos with hard rooftops are more expensive than the portable canopy-style gazebos.
- Portability - Most gazebos are stationary and not easily moved. In addition to the sturdiness, the sheer size and weight of a gazebo keeps it standing firm in one space.
- Usable space - Gazebos are often the most closed-off outdoor shade and the structure takes up a lot of space, so they have the least amount of usable space.
- Labor - Sometimes, you'll find do-it-yourself gazebo kits, instead of a pre-fabricated gazebo. You'll need to follow detailed instructions to build the gazebo, instead of one that is easily installed on your property.