How to Build a Pond in Your Backyard
When it comes to beautifying your outdoor space, a little water is the perfect way to include a sense of calming tranquility to any yard or garden. Adding a garden pond can go a long way in creating a beautiful place to relax from day to day. Whether you want to add some intriguing fish or a soothing waterfall, building a pond creates the perfect spot that the whole family can enjoy. In just a few easy steps, your yard or garden could become the talk of the neighborhood.
What You'll Need:
Step 1: Make a Plan
Decide on a location for your pond and determine its dimensions. Make an outline in the space you've chosen with rope or tape. Be sure to check the area before digging to avoid running into power lines or other buried utilities. Steer clear of trees, as large root systems can become problematic for your pond.
Step 2: Dig the Hole
Use a large shovel to dig a hole in the desired space between two and four feet deep. In addition to digging, you'll want to add layers around the edges for plants, called plant shelves. These shelves will look like wide steps down into your pond. After digging the rough outline of your pond, use the hand shovel to carve out and level the plant shelves. Make sure to remove the turf that surrounds the pond so you can easily sculpt the edging. Remove the grass up to a foot beyond the hole.
The edges of the pond must be even and level to ensure the liner fits properly. For this task, use a level and a wooden plank.
Step 3: Inspect the Hole
Make sure that there are no sharp objects, utility lines or other potentially problematic items in the ground that could be hazardous as you continue to build your pond.
Step 4: Position the Underlayment and Liner
Start with the underlayment, and place it in the pond. Try your best to conform the underlayment loosely to the pond shape. Repeat this process with the pond liner, leaving both underlayment and liner edges loosely placed above the pond.
Step 5: Hold the Underlayment and Liner in Place
Use some stones to keep the liner from slipping into the ground as you prepare to fill the pond. Choose stones that will be strong enough to withstand the weight of the water, but light enough that you can move them easily in the filling process.
Step 6: Add Water
Fill the pond with water. As the water pulls down on the liner, move the stones slightly away, allowing more slack from the liner to fit the pond.
Step 7: Trim and Secure Underlayment and Liner
Trim any excess liner once the pond is filled. Make sure that there is enough liner left to remain within the perimeter of the pond. Use the hammer and nails to fasten the liner and underlayment to the ground.
Step 8: Finish with Edging and Accents
Use the rest of the stones to edge the pond, staying within the perimeter where the grass has been removed. Get creative and design a space that will be visually appealing. Add plants and other outdoor décor to create an elegant pond space that'll serve as a relaxing centerpiece in your yard or garden.