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Trailer Safety

Load and Haul your Trailer Safely


The most important thing to consider when loading a trailer is how the weight is distributed. Not only do you have to fit everything you need on or into the trailer, you need to make sure that 60% of the weight of what you load on the trailer is in front of the trailer’s axle(s). Too much weight behind the axle(s) can result in trailer sway, leaving a dangerous driving situation for you and others traveling down the road. It’s also important that the trailer is loaded evenly from driver side to passenger side. Take a look at the diagram below for proper load ratios for trailers.


To ensure the safety of your load and others, go through this checklist below before driving off:


• Correct size trailer ball in use


• Trailer ball tightly secured to the ball mount


• Ball mount pinned securely in the receiver


• Trailer coupled all the way onto the ball


• Trailer coupler is completely seated on the ball and latched


• Trailer jack retracted and in towing position


• Trailer wiring harness connected to the vehicle


• Safety chains are crossed and hooked to the trailer hitch


• All loads are firmly secure with appropriate ratcheting strap


• All trailer lights working properly – running, brake, and turn signals 


• (If present) Weight distribution hitch spring bars are firmly attached to the hitch


• (If present) Weight distribution hitch spring bars tension set correctly


• (If present) Breakaway switch securely attached to vehicle


• (If present) Trailer brake control is working and adjusted correctly